What Is VGA (Video Graphics Array)? – POFTUT

Video Graphics Array or VGA is a 15-pin video connector this is basically used to transmit graphics or media from supply to show like observe, TV, projector, and many others. VGA is created in 1987 which was once according to IBM primarily based D-subminiature connection sort. VGA was once a very talked-about connection sort between the beginning of the 1900s and the top of the 2010s. As an outdated era VGA makes use of analog alerts which makes it much less succesful than more moderen virtual protocols like HDMI, DVI, and many others. VGA is a generic time period even the actual identify is Video Graphics Array it may be additionally named as Video Graphics Adaptor as a result of its connectivity features for graphic playing cards.

VGA Use Instances

VGA is a very talked-about era and connection sort which is utilized in other circumstances and spaces so as to transmit or ship graphics or media from the supply software to the show. Underneath we can checklist some instance use circumstances about VGA.

  • VGA basically used to attach a Private Pc or PC to the observe.
  • Laptops and Ultrabooks use VGA so as to percentage the media with the exterior observe or projectors.
  • SmartTV, Kodi, Chromecast can display graphics at the TV or projector by means of the usage of the VGA connection.
  • Other streaming units can be utilized to turn graphics at the TV or projector for the general public.

VGA Connection Parts

VGA connections consist of easy elements. VGA is composed of 2 connectors so as to attach the supply and vacation spot. There’s a VGA cable between those two VGA connectors.

VGA Connection Parts

VGA Connector

VGA Connector is a very powerful a part of the VGA. It accommodates 15 pins so as to attach cables with the supply software. Those pins are used to transmit analog alerts. VGA connectors may also be also known as as VGA male. Feminine sort VGA accommodates holes which might be positioned on supply and vacation spot software like computer, PC, Streaming units, observe, TV, projector. As we will see beneath a regular VGA accommodates two screws either side of the connector head which is resided two facets of the ping. Those screws are used to attach and nail the VGA connector to the supply of the vacation spot software to offer protection to.

VGA Connector

VGA Connector Paperwork

Probably the most used and default VGA connector for many of the supply and vacation spot units is DE-15 male connector which proven beneath. However for small issue units, VGA supplies a small and not more pinned VGA connector referred to as as DE-9 which accommodates best 9 pins. BNC is some other form of VGA connector which isn’t sensible or fashionable for use.

VGA DE-15 Connector

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VGA DE-15 Connector

VGA DE-9 Connector

VGA Male DE-9 Connector or Plug

VGA BNC Connector

VGA BNC Connector

VGA Resolutions

As an analog era VGA helps resolutions no longer too top. However in some circumstances, this solution may also be sufficient for use. In fact, till the HD, 2K, or 4K resolutions, the VGA was once very talked-about and sufficient to transmit other solution however with the development of the graphic resolutions, VGA change into inadequate. VGA era supplies resolutions as much as 2040x1536px @85 Hz refresh fee. However it’s solution may also be lesser in line with the VGA cable and connector high quality with the duration of the cable.

When the VGA first launched the most well liked solution was once 640x540px which is named as VGA.

Tremendous Video Graphics Array or SVGAsolution is a longer model of the VGA and which can be utilized for 800×600 px.

Prolonged Graphics Array or XGA supported by means of many of the laptops and create in 1990. XGA supply 1024x768px solution.

Tremendous Prolonged Graphics Array or SXGA helps 1280×1024 solution.

Extremely Prolonged Graphics Array or UXGA helps 1600×1200 solution.

Huge Prolonged Graphics Array or WXGA helps solution as much as 2040×1536 @85 Hz refresh fee.

VGA Pinout

VGA accommodates 15 pins which might be used to transmit sign from supply to vacation spot. As analog alerts are used extra cables or pins are required to ship knowledge. Underneath we can checklist the pins and their purposes.

VGA Pinout
Pin 1 RED Pink video
Pin 2 GREEN Inexperienced video
Pin 3 BLUE Blue video
Pin 4 ID2/RES Reserved since E-DDC, previously observe identification. bit 2
Pin 5 GND Flooring (HSync)
Pin 6 RED_RTN Pink go back
Pin 7 GREEN_RTN Inexperienced go back
Pin 8 BLUE_RTN Blue go back
Pin 9 KEY/PWR +5 V DC (powers EDID EEPROM chip on some displays), previously key
Pin 10 GND Flooring (VSync, DDC)
Pin 11 ID0/RES Reserved since E-DDC, previously observe identification. bit 0
Pin 12 ID1/SDA I²C knowledge since DDC2, previously observe identification. bit 1
Pin 13 HSync Horizontal sync
Pin 14 VSync Vertical sync
Pin 15 ID3/SCL I²C clock since DDC2, previously observe identification. bit 3
VGA Pinout

VGA Extender

VGA can lift alerts round 20 meters which means that after 20 meters the alerts cannot be carried correctly and with out mistakes and issues. As a way to lift alerts greater than 20 meters, VGA Extender can be utilized which can merely build up the sign energy. VGA Extenders additionally named VGA boosters and a couple of VGA extenders can be utilized for unmarried VGA connection in a serial connection topology.


As outdated applied sciences there are a large number of choices to the VGA. However a few of them are very talked-about the place they’re changed for the VGA. HDMI and DVI are the most well liked choices to the VGA. HDMI is extra in style than VGA and DVI. Let’s evaluate VGA with the HDMI.

  • HDMI makes use of virtual alerts the place VGA makes use of analog alerts.
  • Each HDMI and VGA fit with every different by means of the usage of converters.
  • HDMI can transmit audio alerts in numerous codecs bu VGA cannot transmit audio alerts.
  • HDMI supplies a large number of upper resolutions with higher colour intensity than VGA.

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